Saint-Estèphe

Discover our grape varieties

On the 1250 Ha of vines, the only red grape varieties of Saint-Estèphe are

The Cabernet Sauvignon , the Merlot , the Cabernet Franc , the Petit Verdot 

and very little Côt and Carmenère .

Some numbers:

49.35% of Cabernet Sauvignon or 617 Ha
43.20% of Merlot or 540 Ha
4% of Cabernet Franc or 50 Ha
3.20% of Petit Verdot or 40 Ha
2.50 Ha of Cot and 0.50 Ha of Carmenère

The Cabernet Sauvignon

This is the traditional grape variety from the Médoc vineyard.
Vigorous and producer, it brings structure to the wine and its capacity for aging.
Its profile: late and optimal maturity thanks to the warmth of the gravelly soils.
Her dress is a beautiful purplish color.
Colorful and aromatic, we find notes of black fruits, blackcurrant, liquorice and mint.
Its red color "Carminium" in Latin would be the origin of its name.
Another characteristic: this old Bordeaux grape is a cross between Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc.

The Merlot

The earliest grape variety, it is suitable for clay and limestone soils.
Deep in color, its profile is supple and round.
It adds mellowness to the blend and develops aromas of fleshy red fruits as well as plum, fig and often toasted notes after a few years.
Its secret: on cool, damp soils it will be able to express its full potential.
Its name comes from its resemblance to the blackbird's plumage (blue-black color).
Made from a cross between Cabernet Franc and Madeleine Noire des Charentes, Merlot was formerly called Merlau, Plant Médoc, Sémillon Rouge, Béguey, Picard, Alicante, Crabutet Noir.

The Cabernet Franc

It is the complementary grape par excellence.
Its character gives it early maturity and elegant tannins. Moderately colored, it brings freshness and aromatic complexity with notes of raspberry and violet.
Although its color is lighter, it has a lot of sparkle.
A fairly late variety, it is also suitable for clay-limestone soils.
Its small berries produce wines rich in polyphenols whose aging ability and finesse are appreciated.
It is the oldest of the Bordeaux grape varieties, originating in the Spanish Basque country.

Le Petit Verdot

Grape variety with late maturity, fertile and productive, it is typical of the Médoc.
Adapted to gravelly soils, it gives a very colorful wine that develops aromas of black fruits.
A variety of Pyrenean origin, it is chosen for its intense color, its tannic richness and its aromatic power characterized by violet.

Malbec and Carménère

These are two minority grape varieties in Saint-Estèphe, used in tiny proportions.

The Malbec & nbsp; is also known as the coast. Originally from Quercy, he is the descendant of prunelard and black magdeleine from Charentes. It developed in the Bordeaux region from the 17th century.
It brings color and mellowness during assembly and gives very fruity, colorful wines rich in tannins.

Of Bordeaux origin, a blend of Cabernet Franc and Gros Cabernet, the Carménère produces a rich, colorful and tannic wine (sometimes with a slight bitterness) and fruity aromas and spicy.

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